337 South Main Street
Emporia, Virginia 23847
Phone: (434) 348-4215
Fax: (434) 348-4020
Monday - Friday
8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Monday - Friday
8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Phone: (434) 634-5400 or (434) 348-4266
Phone: (434) 348-0330
Clerk, Circuit Court
Clerk, District Court
The Greensville County Courthouse is located at 307 South Main Street, Emporia Virginia. The Circuit Court, General District Court and Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court are held in the Courthouse.
The Circuit Court has jurisdiction over the following:
The Circuit Court also handles any case for which jurisdiction is not specified in the Code of Virginia.
The Clerk of the Circuit Court is a Constitutional Official and is elected by the voters of the locality and every Circuit Court in the Commonwealth of Virginia is a court of record. The Clerk of court is charged with the custody, safekeeping and proper indexing of legal and quasi-legal papers deposited in her office. The Clerk’s Office is responsible for filing of all civil suits; docketing and filing of criminal actions; filing divorce suits; and filing adoption petitions. Additional services provided by the Clerk's office include recording land records and plats; probating wills; issuing hunting and fishing licenses; processing notary public applications; issuing marriage licenses; recording military discharge forms (DD-214’s) and assumed business names. It is the duty of the Clerk to assign a deputy clerk to each courtroom to assist the nine Circuit Court Judges in carrying out each day's activities.
The Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court handles cases involving:
The General District Court hears all criminal cases involving misdemeanors under state law and offenses that are violations of ordinances, laws, and by-laws of the county or city where it is located. A misdemeanor is any charge which carries a penalty of up to one year in jail or a fine of up to $2,500, or both. The general district court decides civil cases in which the amount in question does not exceed $25,000. Civil cases vary from suits for damages sustained in automobile accidents to suits by creditors to receive payment on past due debts. In Virginia, claims for less than $4,500 can be initiated only in general district courts. A separate small claims division has jurisdiction over civil actions when the amount claimed does not exceed $5,000.
The general district court also hears cases in which a person is charged with a traffic infraction. The general district court holds preliminary hearings in felony cases, that is, any offense which may be punishable by imprisonment of more than one year. At a preliminary hearing, the court determines whether there is sufficient evidence to justify holding the defendant for a grand jury hearing. The grand jury determines whether the accused will be indicted and held for trial in the circuit court.
The Magistrate’s Office operates under the supervision of the Office of the Executive Secretary of the Virginia Supreme Court. Magistrates are judicial officers of the Commonwealth of Virginia and are not connected with law enforcement. One of a magistrate’s principal functions is to provide an independent, unbiased review of complaints from law enforcement officers and citizens to determine if there is probable cause for criminal charges. Magistrates may conduct hearings in person and through designated videoconference systems.
The Magistrate’s Office serving Greensville County is open twenty-four hours a day, 365 days a year at the Southside Regional Jail.
In addition to determining probable cause for criminal charges, magistrates may also:
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